NameCapitan/Alverez Diego de VILLARREAL
Birth1590, San Miguel El Grande (Now San Miguel Allende), Oaxaca, Mexico
Death1672, 1663, Valle De Las Salinas, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
BurialSagrario Metropolitano, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Misc. Notes
Y-DNA:
E3b  This haplogroup is believed to have evolved in the Middle East. It expanded into the Mediterranean during the Pleistocene Neolithic expansion. It is currently distributed around the Mediterranean, southern Europe, and in north and east Africa.
 
E3b1  This lineage is found in eastern and northern Africa, the Near East, and Europe, and is estimated to have originated about 23,000 years ago.
 
E3b3  This lineage may have originated in the Near East, where it is found at its highest frequency. It is also found in Ethiopia and at lower frequencies in Northern Africa and Europe.
 
E3b3a  This lineage may have originated in the Near East, where it is found at higher frequency. It is also found in Ethiopia, and at lower frequencies in Northern Africa and Europe.
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Carl Duaine, WITH ALL ARMS, 1987:
p. 147:
In the first years of the next decade appeared Don Diego de VILLARREAL.
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p. 150:
Then came Beatriz who married the Captain Diego de VILLARREAL.
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p. 163:
DIEGO DE VILLARREAL
Diego de VILLARREAL was born in 1590, probably in New Galicia or New Vizcaya, and was recorded as a witness in Nuevo Leon in 1613. In a later declaration he stated that he took the job of Lieutenant when Governor ZAVALA took over in 1626 and patrolled the frontier out of Monterrey and Cerralvo. He also stated that he married Beatriz de las CASAS, daughter of Don Bernabe de las CASAS and Beatriz NAVARRO, and that for many years he had holdings in the Valley of the SALINAS and that he also operated a mine for many years “for the benefit of the King and himself.”

Apparently this was a request for more land as he made this request for a grant in May of 1654. The holdings he had previously could have been from the estate of Don Bernabe de las CASA, but he must have had some capital of his own when he came into Nuevo Leon.

He maintained, at his own expense, a force of men whose job it was to protect his holdings and those of his neighbors. These men were ever at the ready, with horses saddled and gear in place so they could respond quickly. He was always ready to help others - as demonstrated by his support of Maria CANTU and her orphan children after she was driven out of the Rio Blanco country at the death of Don Diego de HINOJOSA.

As so little is known about his parentage, a few tenuous facts are here presented that might shed some light on his grandparent, or possibly the men listed were his great-grandparents. There were other VILLARREALs in the New World, but the following men were very probably his ancestors. Of course, it’s anybody’s guess which of the four it might have been. But these men were all stable, prosperous settlers, and brothers always had a better chance of survival and advancement than the lone individual.

Diego de VILLARREAL, from Cuidad Real, arrived in the New World in 1538 and joined up with Pedro de ALVARADO in Guatemala. He was the son of Pedro de VILLARREAL and Juana DIAZ. Many of ALVARADO’s men ended up in Nueva Galicia. His brother, Francisco came over at the same time. They most probably operated together in those early years.

Juan de VILLARREAL came from Abenojar, Cuidad Real, to Mexico in 1530 or thereabouts. He was in Nueva Galicia in 1541. He was living in Mexico City in 1547. His brother, Pedro de VILLARREAL, came to Mexico about 1533, bringing his wife and children. He was living in Pueblo in 1547. They were the sons of Rodrigo de VILLARREAL and Beatriz ALVAREZ.

Lope de VILLARREAL, from Almodovar del Campo, Cuidad Real, came to Mexico in 1534. He was the son of Juan de VILLARREAL and Mariana GONZALEZ.

So much for speculation. There is no mention of any other VILLARREAL in Nuevo Leon in that first half of the 1600s. As the family became so well represented in numbers in the region, it becomes interesting to see how that came about. A list of the children of Don Diego and Dona Beatariz points the way.
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p. 188:
Diego de VILLARREAL was born in 1590, probably in Saltillo, was also probably the son of Francisco VILLARREAL, who was a resident of the Town of Saltillo.

Don Diego asked for a land grant in 1654, at which time he stated that he was a Lieutenant to Governor ZAVALA in 1626. Such an important position would indicate that he was already a man of standing when ZAVALA arrived. He was certainly one of the most affluent and powerful men in the Realm, just a step below Bernabe de las CASAS and Blas de la GARZA. However he was younger than Don Bernabe and had no large financial backing when he came in, so he came to bloom a little later than they did.

He married Beatriz de las CASAS in 1630 and be that means, got the backing of Don Bernabe, coupled with his own considerable ability. Their children were Diego, who married Tomasa FLORES, daughter of Pedro FLORES de ABREGO and Margarita de la GARZA; Juan Bautista, who married Luisa de la GARZA; Juan, who married Maria de la GARZA, daughter of Miguel de la GARZA and Gertrudis de RENTERIA; Bernabe, born in 1634; Isabel; Francisco, who married Ursula YSAGUIRRE; Cristobal, who married Michaela de RENTERIA on 25th of June, 1679, then as second wife, Idlefonsa MARTINEZ.

The six sons joined in a suit against Jose de TREVINO in April 1686. No daughters are mentioned.

In additional to his ranching busIness, Don Diego stated that he had operated a mine, to the benefit of himself and the King, for many years and had holding in the Valley of the SALINAS. He gave land and help to Maria CANTU and her orphaned brood when Don Diego de Hinojosa was killed in 1673. The land was near Cienega de FLORES. Some of the writers of the time mention that Don Diego de VILLARREAL always kept a few men with horses saddled, ready to ride at any alarm given from his herders or his neighbors.
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p. 244:
A day’s ride by horseback out of Monterrey the wide valley is separated by a smaller range of mountains that run north and south. Each of the valleys so separated goes over an easy mountain pass and each moves on to the Rio Grande down a river valley. The most westerly of the branching valleys was settled by the haciendas established by las Casas, and further northward, the holdings of Don Diego de VILLARREAL. In the eastern branch, Cerralvo sits at a choke point. If these two points were held securely, the southern regions were fairly safe.
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Raul J. Guerra, Jr., Nadine M. Vasquez, Baldomero Vela, Jr., INDEX TO THE MARRIAGE INVESTIGATIONS OF THE DIOCESE OF GUADALAJARA, Vol. 1, 1989.
p. 325: Genealogical Chart #2 - JUAN NAVARRO = MARIA RODRIGUEZ
I. BEATRIZ NAVARRO =
(1) c Alonso ALBORNOZ de SOSA
(2) c Bernabe de las CASAS
2. Beatriz de la CASAS = c Diego de VILLARREAL
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p. 331:
Genealogical Chart #8 - Captain DIEGO de VILLARREAL = BEATRIZ de las CASAS NAVARRO
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Guillermo Garmendia Leal, DESCENDIENTES DE POBLADORES DE MONTERREY 1590-1700, Monterrey, N.L., Julio 1993.
p. 20:
2- BEATRIZ DE LAS CASAS m. Diego de VILLARREAL Descendancy Chart.
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Richard G. Santos, Silent Heritage, 2000.
p. 308:
XXXII.
Diego de VILLARREAL claimed to have been born at San Miguel el Grande (present San Miguel Allende). The Parish Priest of Saltillo once complained to the Inguisition about Don Diego whom he described as riding a horse, wearing silk clothing and jewelry even though those priileges were denied by law to a descendant of parents who had been converted to Catholicism as adults. That being the caase, VILLARREAL would have not been Don Diego’s true surname. His parents’ baptismal godfather would have given them his name. It is also possible that in discarding a Jewish identity, Don Diego’s parents took the name of their ancestral hometown. The problem would then be in identifying which township of the many called VILLARREAL in Spain would have been the one in question. However, due to the prominence of Portuguese Sephardic Crypto Jews and conversos in the frontier kingdoms, it is also possible the family had originated at Vila Real, Portugal. Apart from altering Vila Real to VILLARREAL, the act itself would confuse any genealogical research by the Inquisition and genealogists. Whatever the background of the mysterious Diego de VILLARREAL, he entered Nuevo Leon in 1608. He married Beatriz de las CASAS, daughter of Bernabe de las CASAS and Beatriz NAVARRO (see XV above.) Don Diego and Beatriz had a least six children. Their eldest son Diego VILLARREAL, el mozo, married four times. His first wife was Josefa de la GARZA. Second wife was Tomasina FLORES. Third wife was Inez de RENTERIA and fourth wife was Mariana CORTINA. Only the fourth wife was not a member of the founding families of Saltillo or Monterrey. Don Diego’s second son was Juan Bautista de VILLARREAL who married Juana de la GARZA. Third son Bernabe de VILLARREAL married Isabel de la GARZA. Fourth son Juan VILLARREAL married Luisa de la GARZA. Francisco de VILLARREAL married twice; first with Ursula de IZAQUIRRE and second with Agustinna de RENTERIA. Don Diego’s sixth child was Cristobal de VILLARREAL who married twice; first with Micaela de TREVINO and second with Idelfonse MARTINEZ.
ERRORS: Don Diego’s second son was Juan Bautista de VIllarreal who married Luisa de la Garza.
and
Fourth son Juan VIllarreal married Juana de la Garza.
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Jose Antonio Esquibel, Website: Beyond Origins of New Mexico Families, Beyond ONMF Volume 7: de las Casas
3. Beatriz de las Casas married with Diego de Villarreal. This couple had seven known children: 1) Sargento Mayor Diego de Villarreal who married four times (i. Maria de la Garza; ii. Ines de Renteria; iii. Tomasa Flores; and iv. Mariana Cortinas); 2) Capitan Juan Bautista de Villarreal who married Luisa de la Garza; 3) Capitan Bernabe de Villarreal who married Isabel dela Garza; 4) Capitan Juan de Villarreal who married Juana de la Garza Garcia; 5) Francisco de Villarreal who married Ursula de Isaguirre Urrutia; 6) Capitan Cristobal de Villarreal who married first with Micaela de Trevino Renteria and second with Aldonza (Ildefonsa) Martinez Guajardo; and 7) Luisa de las Casas who married Alonso Rodriguez de Carvajal.
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Dona Beatriz de las Casas inherited the haciendas of Magdalena and Nuestra Senora de Eguia, and share in the mines of Nuestra Senora del Rosario.
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The Villarreal Home Page, 2004 Edition, by Danny Villarreal, Webjefe, http://members.aol.com/daniel5822/Welcome.html, 2004.
Buried in cathedral in Monterrey.
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The Villarreal Home Page, 2006 Edition, by Danny Villarreal, Webjefe, http://members.aol.com/daniel5822/Welcome.html, 2006.
More About Capitán Diego de Villarreal:
1590 also listed as birth date
1: 1625, Settled Saltillo. Came with Gov Zavala
2: Owned and discovered silver mines in various cities
3: 1686, Sons Cristobal and Francisco went with Alonso de León to Nueces
River in Texas looking for La Salle settlement
4: 1st Procurador General of Cerralvo
5. Born in 1601, in San Miguel el Grande (de Allende), Guanajuato,
6. It is believed that he was the son of Francisco Villarreal, who was a resident of the town of Saltillo.
7. Entered Nuevo Leon January 6, 1626
8. The parish priest of Saltillo once complained to the inquisition about Don Diego whom he
described as riding a horse, wearing silk clothing and jewelry even though those privileges were
denied by law to a descendant of parents who had been converted from Judiasm to catholicism
as adults.
9. Diego was recorded as a witness in Nuevo Leon in 1613.
10. In 1625 he was a Lieutenant in charge of troops and dedicated himself to mining.
11. In a later declaration he stated that he took the job of Lieutenant when Governor Zavala took
over in 1626.
12. Diego patrolled the frontier out of Monterrey and Cerralvo as part of a Compania Volante
(Flying Squadron). He was later named Captain.
13. He founded the Hacienda de Minas de la Magdalena en el Real de las Salinas, in 1627, whereby
giving birth to the actual Villa de Abasolo.
14. He was head of the first town council of Cerralvo in 1638.
15. He was elected Mayor of Cerralvo in 1644.
16. In 1645 he was also named Chief Justice "del nuevo descubrimiento del Real de Limpia
Concepcion y minas de la Caldera".
17. In 1647 he was accused by Francisco Baez Benavides of (Entropecer las Labores Mineras) and
of mistreating the Indians.
18. He participated in the war against the Orames (Indians ) which invaded Coahuila.
19. In May of 1654 he made a request for a land grant from the king.
20. Diego purchased from his sister in law Juliana the mines el puesto de Chipinque he is known
as having founded the town of El Carmen, Nuevo León. This was located in the Valle of
Salinas.
21. Asistió a diversas campañas de pacificación con el Grado de Capitán. Por comisión del
Gobernador Martín de Zavala, hizo en 1634 diversas jornadas a Coahuila a capturar Indios y a
castigar a los Españoles que entraban a Saltillo a sacarlo.
22. Alcalde Mayor de Almadén, hoy Monclova en 1644 (This is a contriciction to information
previously stated in #15 where I found it to say Cerralvo not Almaden)


Such important positions would indicate that he was already a man of standing when Zavala arrived. He became one of the most affluent and powerful men of the Realm of Nuevo Leon, Just a step below Bernabe de Las Casas (His Father in Law) and Blas de la Garza. However he was younger than Don Bernabe and had no large financial backing when he came in, so he came to bloom a little later than they did. Diego Married Beatriz de Las Casas Navarro, daughter of Don Bernabe, by these means and coupled with his own considerable ability he got his backing in 1654. For many years he had holdings in the Valley of the Salinas, Diego operated a silver mine "for the benefit of the King and himself." In May of 1654 he made a request for a grant. The holdings he had previously could have been from the estate of Don Bernabe, but he must have had some capital of his own when he came into Nuevo Leon.
Diego purchased from his sister in law Juliana the mines el puesto de Chipinque he is known as having founded the town of El Carmen, Nuevo León. This was located in the Valle of Salinas.
He maintained, at his own expense, a force of men whose job it was to protect his holdings and those of his neighbors. The men were always ready, with horses saddled and their gear in place so they could respond quickly. He was always ready to help others as demonstrated by his support of Maria Cantu and her orphan children after she was driven out of the Rio Blanco country by the Indians at the death of her Husband Don Diego de Hinojosa.

Una de las hijas de Bernabé de las Casas, doña Beatriz, tuvo como dote, al casarse con don Diego de Villarreal, quien había llegado en 1608 procedente de San Miguel el Grande, 5. Born in 1601, in San Miguel el Grande (de Allende), Guanajuato, la Hacienda La Eguía. Ahí, don Diego Villarreal, considerado como una de las figuras prominentes de su época y uno de los más destacados pobladores del municipio, levantó una productiva hacienda de beneficio de metales, principalmente plata.

Diego de Villarreal
"Militar-Poblador.- nació probablemente en San Miguel El Grande, Guanajuato, en 1601. Hacia 1625 entró al Nuevo Reyno de León, dedicandosé a la mineria. Asistió a diversas campañas de pacificación con el Grado de Capitán. Por comisión del Gobernador Martín de Zavala, hizo en 1634 diversas jornadas a Coahuila a capturar Indios y a castigar a los Españoles que entraban a Saltillo a sacarlo. Alcalde Mayor de Almadén, hoy Monclova en 1644. Casado con Doña Beatriz de las Casas poblo la Hacienda de Minas de la Magdalena en el Real de Salinas hacia 1627, dando origen a la actual Villa de Abasolo. Procrearon 6 hijos: Diego, Juan Bautista Chapa, Bernabé, Juan, Francisco y Cristobal".


The following may not be significant to this Diego because I have not found any documentation to link them together.
Vela - Jorge Vela arrived in Mexico in 1531 from Solana, Ciudad Real. He was a
Conquistador of the Valley of Santiago and had been awarded tributes of land
in the land of the Chichimecas. He was on Mexican records in 1547. Parents:
Domingo Vela and Mari Fernandez.
Juan Vela arrived in 1539 from Medellin, Badajoz. He was a Conquistador of the
Yucatan in 1541. Parents: Rodrigo Vela and Catalina Rodriquez. He married Juana
de Aguirre who was the daughter of Diego de Villarreal a Conquistador of Chiapas.


III - TERESA DE QUIROGA Y VILLARREAL.
Casó con:
DIEGO DE VILLARREAL, primo de su mujer. Padres de:

1.- Diego de Villarreal, Caballero de la Orden de Santiago. Casó con María Eban.
2.- Teresa de Quiroga y Villarreal, sigue la línea.
.

Aqui te mando lo del pleito entre Diego de Villarreal y Francisco Baez de Benavides en marzo de 1647 cuando Francisco va al Molino a cobrarse la CUENTA Y SE QUIZO LLEVAR LA PLATA.

Un fraile se lo impide y luego viene este proceso que consta de 144 hojas en español antiguo y esto que te mando es parte de este.

.. > > > >Proceso criminal contra el capitán Francisco Baes de Benavides Alcalde mayor de las Salinas sobre arrojo con ( ) armada a la Hacienda de platas del capitan Diego de Villarreal , extrayendo indebidamente las platas. > >Ante el Teniente de Gobernador Juan de Zavala exp No. 61 Año 1647 > >El capitán Juan de Zavala .... > > > >En el pleito criminal que ante mi como juez pesquisidor se ha seguido y sigue entre partes de la ( ) actor querellante de Capitán Diego de Villarreal vecino y minero del Real de las Salinas. de la otra reo acusado el capitán Francisco Bais de Benavides Alcalde mayor del dicho partido y otros cómplices ( ) sobre haber ido a la casa y hacienda de sacar plata del dicho Diego de Villa Real el dicho alcalde mayor Una noche ( ) ora acompañado de mucha gente armada a caballo y con arcabuces que para este efecto llamo ( combocado) de diferentes para ver con pretexto de decir y la casa del dicho Diego de Villa Real a negocios del servicio de su majestad y de su caso pensado con mano poderosa de alcalde mayor Cerco el molino de la fundición de sacar plata y la hallo cerrado paso a las casas de la vivienda del capitán Villa real y le pidió las llaves y por no dárselas le dejo preso en su casa con pena que le impuso de que ( ...) por la real ( ) Y se volvió al molino a donde el > dicho Diego de Villa Real estaba haciendo una afinación de plata de que aguardaba saldrían cien marcos . con intento de llevársela para hacerlo pago de cantidad de pesos que el dicho Diego de Villarreal le debía por escritura que esta presentada en esta causa y con fuerza y violencia y con una barreta de yerro le quebranto las puertas y el y los demás que le acompañaban y daban ( ) se entraron dentro vía recta al baso del dicho afinación ( ) sin hacer otra diligencia ni acta de juez aguardaron a que diese la vuelta la plata para llevársela contra la voluntad de su dueño hasta casi el amanecer que habiendo faltado el agua del molino sino que parado. el fuelle ceso la dicha afinación entonces el dicho alcalde mayor habiendo enviado a decir al dicho Villa Real hiciese venir el agua por no avelo( sic) echo mando echar fuera del baso el plomo para llevárselo como lo hiciera si no se lo estorbara un Religioso del convento de San Francisco deste reino que había de llevar parte de la > plata que saliese por decir da el dicho Villa Real ( ) a su convento hasta con la misma fuerza obligo al dicho Diego de Villa Real a que el plomo se llevase a afinar otro día a casa del capitán .-....etc. > > > > > >A lo asentó los autos y meritos de la ( ) el dicho capitán Diego de Villa Real Previó su acusación e la como probar le combino declarole por (bie..riada?) y que el dicho Francisco Bais de Benavides Alcalde ni Melchor Barrera y quien se ha asegurado. no por sus excepciones y defensas de claro las por no que en cuya consecuencia debo de condenar y condeno al dicho Francisco Baeis de Benavides en ocasión del dicho oficio de tal alcalde mayor de la parte de las dichas salinas y real de Minas para que no lo ( ) esta gobernación ( ) puedan nombrara justicia en ellas y mas le condeno en pesos de oro común en plata que aplico por ( ) mara?? de su majestad a gastos de justicia en los ( ) de mi comisión mas y de los de mas ministros de( ) con forme están señalados a costa y con mas ( ) a vuelta a la Villa de Cerralvo y dicho Real de las Salinas a razón de seis leguas por día y a que dentro de su relación del pasado de y pague al dicho Capitán Diego al veinte marcos de plata > en que taso y midió la perdida que se le causo en dicha afinación por haberla sacado del baso antes de dar la vuelta de acalde mayor cuyo acticulo se reservo para la definitiva lo cual stando y luego lo de y pague el dicho capitán de Villa Real y exhiba ante mi de los ochocientos y sesenta pesos que le resta debiendo al dicho Francisco Baez por dicha escritura se están embargando sus bienes y no pagándole el dicho Francisco Baez los dichos veinte marcos de plata dentro del dicho termino al dicho Capitán Diego de Villa Real se ha pagado de ellos de dicha cantidad habiendo primero ante todas esas enterado () fecho la dicha condenación salarios de las costas y no antes en lo que alcanzare con apercibimiento que no lo cumpliendo correctamente y ( ) y cobrara del suso dicho los salarios de los demás de la detención y se proveyera lo que mas convenga cuya ejecución ( ) en mi= y por la culpa y que resultara que el dicho Melchor Barrera le condeno en veinte pesos de > oro común en plata que aplica en los misma forma para mi compañía de su majestad y gastos de justicia y en las costas le tocaron de esta causa cuya tasación en mi ( ) y de dichos salarios que el dicho capitán Diego de Villa Real el pedir y se() justicia contra los demás cómplices propios causantes de quien tiene querellada y por esta misma definitiva juzgando a si lo pronuncio y mando con estas > >Juan de rrocha >

he came Aramayona

Bernabé de las Casas (1573-1632)
   Fue considerado como "uno de los primeros pobladores y conquistadores y persona Benemérita por haber sido el primero que dio principio a sacar platar y descubrir minas."
   Don Bernabé de las Casas nació en la Isla de Tenerife, Archipielago de las Canarias. Fue un acaudalado minero y le pidió al Virrey pacificar a su costa la Florida. Anduvo en campañas de pacificación en Zacatecas y Nuevo México. Llegó al Nuevo Reyno de León en 1604. Compró propiedades "estancias" a Don Diego de Treviño y derechos de explotación minera al Dean de la Catedral de Guadalajara, Don Juan de Ortega y Santalices, formando un gran latifundio que se extendia desde el Topo de las Ayalas, hoy Gral. Escobedo, hasta los limites con Coahuila. Comprendiá desde lo que hoy es Marín, Pesquería Chica, Apodaca, Cienega de Flores, pasando por Salinas Victoria, El Carmen, Abasolo, Hidalgo, Mina, parte de Villa de García y Escobedo. Entre las compras que efecto se incluiá la Hacienda de San Nicolás Obispo o Hacienda de San Nicolás Tolentino, lugar en donde se asienta hoy el Municipio de Hidalgo, N.L. Aquí le gusto a Don Bernabé para aposentarse y por ese solo hecho es considerado con orgullo el Fundador de nuestro pueblo, además fue las más antigua fundación del Valle de las Salinas. La compra de esta "Estancia"  la hizo el 5 de Diciembre de 1611, es por eso que nuestro escudo municipal lleva esa fecha como signo de respeto y admiración a este gran hombre.
   Casado con Doña Beatriz de Navarro procrearon 5 hijos; María, Juliana, Beatriz, Bernabé y Marcos, quienes recibieron la herencia de la siguiente forma.

*

La Hacienda de San Francisco de Cañas, hoy Mina, le dio en dote a su hija María al contraer matrimonio con Don Alfonso Guerrero en 1626.
*

La Hacienda de El Chipinque, hoy El Carmen, la heredó Juliana al casarse con Diego Fernández de Castro.
*

La Hacienda de Eguía, Hoy Abasolo e Hidalgo, la heredó Doña Beatriz al contraer matrimonio con el Capitán Diego de Villarreal.
*

Las propiedades de La Popa e Icamole, las heredaron Marcos y Bernabé.
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Viola Rodriguez Martinez de Sadler, Cardenas to Tremino & guerra & Villarreal & Navarro & de las Casas & Montemayor Chart, 21 Jul 2001. - Vicente Martinez, 16 Mar 06.
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Spouses
Birth1604
Death8 Dec 1674, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
BurialSagrario Metropolitano, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Marriageca 1626, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
ChildrenDiego
 Juan Bautista (~1640-1695)
 Bernabe
 Juan (~1643-1703)
 Francisco
 Cristobal
 Luisa (-1692)
Last Modified 26 Jul 2011Created 26 Jul 2012 using Reunion for Macintosh